Torrance County Archaeological Society


Dr. Carol Sullivan of Estancia recognized the importance of making the Estancia Valley community aware of the historical value of artifacts and archaeological sites. She arranged for Joseph Tainter, National Forest Service Archaeologist, to speak at the Star Theater in Estancia on March 24, 1988. His topic was "Why Civilizations Fail."

Those who attended the lecture were invited to join together to do some archaeological work at Pueblo Blanco (Tavira) in Torrance County. In October of that year the volunteers worked with the National Forest Service mapping pot hunter destruction, pulling weeds, setting stakes and general surveying of Pueblo Blanco. Later the NFS fenced the area to reduce destruction of the site.

After several months work by Doug Johnston, Waynette Burnett, and Jerry and Marion Shaw, the Torrance County Archaeological Society became affiliated with the state association in January of 1989.

The first recorded meeting was held February 3, 1989 in the Estancia Elementary School and called to order by Waynette Burnett. Phyllis Davis and Dick Bice from Albuquerque (members of the New Mexico Archaeology Society) were present. After a presentation by Dick Bice, the group elected the following officers: President—Doug Johnston, Vice President—Jerry Shaw, Secretary/Treasurer—Joy Jones, Program Chairman—Waynette Burnett, Parliamentarian—George Martin, Director at Large—Ken Moore. Membership in 1989 consisted of twenty-five people.

According to the by-laws accepted at the March 17, 1989 meeting, the purpose of the TCAS is to:

Preserve and protect prehistoric and historic remains of this region.

Educate members and public in archaeological and ethnological fields.

Conduct archaeological studies, research, surveys, and excavations.

Encourage the publication of research results of the Society.

Cooperate with other scientific institutions, especially the programs of the Archaeological Society of New Mexico and its affiliates.

Tenth Anniversary

On March 7, 1999, the Torrance County Archaeological Society celebrated its tenth anniversary with an open house at the Estancia High School Library from 2:00-4:00 p.m.

Vice-President Linda McConkey was the official greeter. The refreshments table was decorated with "dig décor"—black plastic table cover, metal buckets, trowels, etc. A copy of the TCAS project, "Initial Survey and Identification of Endangered Archaeological Sites and national Register Eligible historic Properties for Portions of Torrance County, N.M." and a photo collection of past activities were on display. Videos of field trips were on display throughout the afternoon. A shirt was donated by Waynette Burnett for a raffle and was won by Brahaim Hindi for his daughter, Samia.

A short program was held to recognize the original members who were present, and commemorative tile coasters created by Sun Tile were awarded to the most influential organizers—Doug Johnston, Phillis Davis, and Dick Bice. Coasters were also presented to the original members still active in the TCAS—Waynette Burnett, Joy Jones, Jerry and Marion Shaw, Roy and Linda McConkey; and to Sharon Hanna and John Hayden for their contributions to TCAS. A special presentation was made to John (Nim) Scott and Brahaim Hindi for their assistance with various projects for TCAS.  

                                 30th Anniversary


30th Anniversary Meeting

March 5th, 2019

6:30 p.m.

Welcome and recognition of founding members present.

Informal discussion of when, why and how TCAS was organized by those who participated.

John Hayden will give an overview of TCAS’s most significant project to date:  “Initial Survey and Identification of Endangered Archeological Sites and National Register Eligible Historic Properties for Portions of Torrance County, N.M.”

Ron Fields will discuss TCAS’s involvement with the National Park Service at the Salinas National Monument.  TCAS volunteers’ involvement in programs will be included.

Rick Koll will report on TCAS’s Site Watch program, which serves to protect recognized archaeological sites in the immediate area.

Slide show of past activities by Murt Sullivan and John Hayden.


(Please register upon rival and sign up for drawings for door prizes which will be awarded throughout the program.)

Break for visiting and enjoying snacks and cake.

7:45/8:00 p.m.  TCAS annual business meeting for annual reports, election of officers and discussion of March 16-17 field trip to Alamo Mountain and Sacramento Mountains sites.

Ethnohistorical Research

January 1-September 30, 1996: The Torrance County Archaeological Society (TCAS) undertook an extensive survey of Torrance County to determine the location and condition of historic remains from a period representing the settlement/development of the Estancia Basin and vicinity from about the mid-1800’s to 1940. This project was stimulated and made possible partially by federal funds from the Historic Preservation Fund, Department of Interior, National Part Service, and through a small subgrant administered and partially funded by the State Historic Preservation Office, Historic Preservation Division, Office of Cultural Affairs, State of New Mexico.

At the closure of work on this subgrant, TCAS identified ninety-two historic sites of various kinds, completed forty-seven new Mexico Historical Building Survey Inventory forms covering thirty-four sites, recorded map locations for each on USGS quadrangle maps, and conducted interviews with many longtime residents.

The final report presented to the New Mexico Historic Preservation Division was entitled "initial Survey and Identification of Endangered Archaeological Sites and national Register Eligible Historic Properties for Portions of Torrance County, N.M."


Early 1992: TCAS was presented with an award of recognition by the National Park Service. During the Columbus Quincentennial Vivian Counts, Earl and Billye Head, John Lawrence, Linda McConkey, Marilyn Seddon, Jerry and Marion Shaw, Richard Spangler and Kenneth Taylor volunteered to work at the Salinas sites for the National Park Service so employees could go to meetings to prepare for the celebration.

April 18, 1997: Letter to John Hayden from Lynne Sebastian, Ph.D., State of New Mexico Office of Cultural Affairs, Historic Preservation Division:

"We are pleased to inform you that the Torrance County Archaeological Society has been selected by the Cultural Properties Review Committee (CPRC) and the Historic Preservation Division, Office of Cultural Affairs, as one of this year’s recipients of the Historic Preservation Awards. This award is being given in recognition of your efforts in the use of the HPD small grant to survey and identify abandoned townsites throughout Torrance County."

John Hayden, Jerry Shaw, and John (Nim) Scott accepted the award at a presentation ceremony on May 9, 1997 in Santa Fe.

April 10, 2014: The Archaeological Society of New Mexico awarded Billye Head the Richard A. Bice Award for Archaeological Acheivement.

April 30, 2016: The Archaeological Society of New Mexico awarded Bill Simms the Richard A. Bice Award for Archaeological Acheivement.


Long Timers: Roy & Linda McConkey, Barbara & Bill Simms, Leslie Chavez, Billy Head, Sharon Hanna

Founders: Linda & Roy McConkey, Marion Shaw, Sharon Hanna, Waynnette & Larry Burnett